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50th Anniversary of the Capelinhos Eruption SI

50th Anniversary of the Capelinhos Eruption

The Capelinhos is a monogenetic volcano located on the western coast of the island of Faial in the Azores. It is part of the larger Volcanic Complex of Capelo, that includes 20 escoria cones and lava fields that are aligned west-northwest to east-southeast from the Cabeço Gordo caldera. Although the name 'Capelinhos' is associated with the volcano, it technically refers to the western cape of the parish of Capelo.

A volcanic eruption lasted for 13 months, from September 27, 1957 until October 24, 1958, which may have been two overlapping volcanic eruptions. While enlarging the land by 2.4 km², it spawned 300 seismic events, hurled ash 1 km, destroyed 300 houses in the parishes of Capelo and Praia do Norte and caused the evacuation of 2,000 people (emigration to the US and Canada). On October 25, the volcano entered a period of dormancy. Although it is not considered potentially active, it is a part of an active fissural volcanic 

Technical Details

Issue Date: 25.10.2007
Values: EUR 2.11
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